Credit to the private sector is on the rise in advanced economies, and African countries which were believed to have undeveloped financial systems and consequently lower consumer credit, have not been left out of this trend. As obtains in advanced high-income economies of America, Europe and emerging Asia, where banking activities have long shifted away from traditional lending from savers to borrowers to extraction of income from households (Allen and Santomero, 2001), with ever increasing income from net-interest spread, especially for the poor (Bazot, 2013), banking operations in Africa show similar trends (Griffith-Jones and Karwowski, 2013). Also, while banking in Africa is being re-focused towards more complex technology-driven products designed to extend financial services to more of its growing population (Dos Santos and Kvangraven, 2017), lending to productive activities or the real sectors is declining – a phenomenon characteristic of advanced capitalist economies.
Richard Itaman is a Lecturer in Comparative Political Economy and Development in the Department of International Development at King's College London
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